for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at Orange, California and other locations
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Misako Nagasaka, MD



This clinical trial is evaluating a drug called BT5528 alone and in combination with nivolumab in participants with advanced solid tumors historically known for expression of EphA2. The main goals of this study are to:

  • Find the recommended dose(s) of BT5528 that can be given safely to participants alone and in combination with nivolumab
  • Learn more about the side effects of BT5528
  • Learn about how effective BT5528 is for the treatment of ovarian cancer, urothelial/bladder cancer, lung cancer (NSCLC), triple-negative breast cancer, head and neck cancer (HNSCC), and gastric/upper gastrointestinal cancer.
  • Learn more about BT5528 therapy alone and in combination with nivolumab.

Official Title

Phase I/II Study of the Safety, Pharmacokinetics, and Preliminary Clinical Activity of BT5528 in Patients With Advanced Malignancies Associated With EphA2 Expression


BT5528 consists of a bicyclic peptide (Bicycle®) which binds to EphA2, and is covalently attached to a spacer and a protease cleavable peptide linker attached to MMAE.

The Phase I/II multi-center, open-label trial will evaluate BT5528 administered once-weekly as a single agent and in combination with nivolumab. The Phase I portion is a dose escalation primarily designed to assess the safety and tolerability of BT5528 and to determine recommended Phase II dose(s) (RP2D). Following selection of a recommended Phase II dose(s) (RP2D), a dose expansion portion will be initiated with the primary objective of evaluating the clinical activity of BT5528.


Advanced Solid Tumor Historically Known for High EphA2 Expression, Urothelial Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Non-small Cell Lung Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Triple Negative Breast Cancer, Gastric/Upper Gastrointestinal Cancer, EphA2, bladder cancer, NSCLC, TNBC, gastric cancer, GEJ cancer, HNSCC, Ovarian Neoplasms, Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms, Gastrointestinal Neoplasms, Nivolumab


For people ages 18 years and up

General Inclusion:

  • Written informed consent, according to local guidelines, signed and dated by the patient or by a legal guardian prior to the performance of any study-specific procedures, sampling or analyses
  • At least 18 years-of-age at the time of signature of the informed consent form
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status score of 0 or 1
  • Measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1
  • Acceptable renal, hepatic, hematologic and coagulation functions
  • Negative pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential
  • Male participants with female partners of childbearing potential and female participants of childbearing potential are required to follow highly effective contraception
  • All patients must have tumor tissue (fresh or archived) available for analysis of EphA2 tumor expression and other biomarkers. In the absence of available tumor tissue, patients must be willing to undergo a biopsy to provide fresh tumor samples
  • Life expectancy ≥12 weeks after the start of BT5528 treatment according to the Investigator's judgment.
  • Must be willing and able to comply with the protocol and study procedures.

Additional inclusion criteria for Phase I (dose escalation phase, with BT5528 alone or in combination with nivolumab):

  • Metastatic recurrent histologically confirmed malignant solid tumors historically known for high EphA2 tumor expression. Confirmation of EphA2 expression prior to enrollment is not required for participants with ovarian cancer and specific other individual tumor types.
  • Exhausted all appropriate treatment options per local guidelines

Additional inclusion criteria for Phase II (dose expansion phase, with BT5528 alone):

  • Participants with metastatic recurrent disease histologically confirmed to be non-small cell lung cancer, ovarian cancer, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), gastric/upper gastrointestinal (GI) cancer, head and neck (H&N) cancer, urothelial cancer are eligible and must have failed or are ineligible for all appropriate treatment options per local guidelines and must have evidence of radiographic progression on the most recent line of therapy
  • Patients with urothelial cancer who have previously received treatment with enfortumab vedotin (EV) are eligible to the study. Patients who received EV and showed disease progression within 6 months of treatment start are planned for less than 50% of total patients enrolled in the cohort

Exclusion criteria (all participants):

  • Chemotherapy treatments within 14 days prior to first dose of study treatment, other anticancer treatments, treatment within 28 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is the shorter
  • Experimental treatments within 4 weeks of first dose of BT5528
  • Prior toxicities must have resolved to Grade 1 per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v 5.0 (except alopecia which can be Grade 2)
  • Current treatment with strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4 or strong inhibitors of P-gp
  • Known sensitivity to any of the ingredients of the investigational product or monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE)
  • Any condition, therapy or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the patient's participation, or is not in the best interest of the patient to participate in the opinion of the investigator including but not limited to specific cardiovascular criteria
  • Major surgery (excluding placement of vascular access) within 4 weeks of first dose of BT5528 study treatment and must have recovered adequately prior to starting study therapy
  • Receipt of live vaccine within 30 days of study treatment
  • Untreated CNS metastases or leptomeningeal disease
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic BP ≥160 mmHg or diastolic BP ≥100 mmHg that is not responsive to intervention) at screening or prior to initiation of study drug.
  • History or current evidence of any condition, therapy or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the patient's participation, or is not in the best interest of the patient to participate in the opinion of the Investigator including but not limited to:

    (a) Patients with history of a cerebral vascular event (stroke or transient ischemic attack), unstable angina, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure or symptoms of New York Heart Association Class III-IV documented within 6 months prior to first dose of BT5528 or: (i) Mean resting corrected QT interval (QTcF) >470 msec (ii) Any factors that increase the risk of QTc prolongation or risk of arrhythmic events such as heart failure, hypokalemia, congenital long QT syndrome, family history of long QT syndrome or unexplained sudden death under 40 years-of-age, or any concomitant medication known to prolong the QT interval (iii) Any clinically important abnormalities (as assessed by the Investigator) in rhythm, conduction, or morphology of resting electrocardiograms (ECGs), e.g., complete left bundle branch block, third degree heart block

  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Note: Well controlled HIV will be allowed if the patient meets all the following criteria at inclusion:
    1. CD4+ T-cell (CD4+) counts ≥350 cells/uL;
    2. HIV viral load <400 copies/mL
    3. Without a history of opportunistic infection within the last 12 months.
    4. On established antiretroviral therapy (ART) for at least 4 weeks. Use of anti-retroviral therapy is permitted, but should be discussed with the Medical Monitor on a case-by-case basis.
  • Patients with a positive hepatitis B surface antigen and/or anti-hepatitis B core antibody. Patients with a negative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay are permitted with appropriate antiviral therapy
  • Active hepatitis C infection with positive viral load if hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody positive (if antibody is negative then viral load not applicable). Patients who have been treated for hepatitis C infection can be included if they have documented sustained virologic response of ≥12 weeks.
  • Thromboembolic events and/or bleeding disorders 3 months (e.g., deep vein thrombosis [DVT] or pulmonary embolism [PE]) prior to first dose
  • Prior history of pneumonitis with presence of residual symptoms
  • History of another malignancy within 3 years before the first dose of BT5528, or any evidence of residual disease from a previously diagnosed malignancy (excluding adequately treated with curative intent basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell of the skin, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia/cervical carcinoma in situ or melanoma in situ or ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast).
  • Systemic anti-infective treatment or fever within the last 14 days prior to first dose of BT5528 study treatment
  • Psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that do not permit compliance with the protocol and/or follow-up procedures outlined in the protocol.

Additional Exclusion Criteria (BT5528 in combination with nivolumab):

  • Prior intolerance to immune checkpoint inhibitor
  • Known hypersensitivity to checkpoint inhibitor therapy
  • Prior organ transplant (including allogeneic)
  • Diagnosis of clinically relevant immunodeficiency
  • Active systemic infection requiring therapy
  • More than 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent or other strong immunosuppressant
  • History of autoimmune disease except alopecia or vitiligo
  • History of interstitial lung disease


  • University of California - Irvine Medical Center accepting new patients
    Orange California 92868 United States
  • California Cancer Associates for Research and Excellence, Inc. accepting new patients
    Encinitas California 92024 United States

Lead Scientist at UC Irvine


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
BicycleTx Limited
Phase 1/2 research study
Study Type
Expecting 288 study participants
Last Updated