Carboplatin and Paclitaxel or Oxaliplatin and Capecitabine With or Without Bevacizumab as First-Line Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Stage II-IV or Recurrent Stage I Epithelial Ovarian or Fallopian Tube Cancer
This randomized phase III trial studies carboplatin given together with paclitaxel with or without bevacizumab to see how well it works compared with oxaliplatin given together with capecitabine with or without bevacizumab as first-line therapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage II-IV, or recurrent (has come back) stage I epithelial ovarian or fallopian tube cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin, paclitaxel, oxaliplatin, and capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, may block tumor growth in different ways by targeting certain cells. It is not yet known which regimen of combination chemotherapy given together with or without bevacizumab is more effective in treating epithelial ovarian cancer or fallopian tube cancer.
A GCIG Intergroup Multicenter Phase III Trial of Open Label Carboplatin and Paclitaxel +/- NCI-Supplied Agent: Bevacizumab (NSC #704865) Compared With Oxaliplatin and Capecitabine +/- Bevacizumab as First Line Chemotherapy in Patients With Mucinous Epithelial Ovarian or Fallopian Tube Cancer (MEOC)
- To determine if capecitabine and oxaliplatin reduces the death rate compared to carboplatin and paclitaxel in women with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the ovary or fallopian tube.
II. To determine if bevacizumab reduces the death rate compared to no bevacizumab in women with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the ovary or fallopian tube.
- To determine if capecitabine and oxaliplatin increases the duration of progression-free survival (PFS) compared to carboplatin and paclitaxel in women with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the ovary or fallopian tube.
II. To determine if bevacizumab increases the duration of PFS compared to no bevacizumab in women with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the ovary or fallopian tube.
III. To compare the response rates for capecitabine and oxaliplatin versus carboplatin and paclitaxel in patients with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the ovary or fallopian tube with measurable disease after initial tumor reductive surgery.
IV. To compare the response rates for bevacizumab versus no bevacizumab in patients with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the ovary or fallopian tube with measurable disease after initial tumor reductive surgery.
- To determine the nature and degree of toxicity of capecitabine and oxaliplatin compared with that of carboplatin and paclitaxel in this cohort of patients.
VI. To determine the nature and degree of toxicity of bevacizumab in this cohort of patients.
VII. To compare capecitabine and oxaliplatin versus carboplatin and paclitaxel with respect to changes in patient reported neurotoxicity.
VIII. To determine the impact on quality of life (QOL, as measured by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Ovarian [FACT-O] Trial Outcome Index [TOI]) following treatment with the above regimens.
- To collect fixed and/or frozen tissue and whole blood for future research studies.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 4 treatment arms.
ARM I: Patients receive carboplatin intravenously (IV) over 30-60 minutes on day 1 and paclitaxel IV over 3 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II: Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2-6 hours on day 1 and capecitabine orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM III: Patients receive carboplatin and paclitaxel IV as in arm I and bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes alone on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM IV: Patients receive oxaliplatin and capecitabine as in arm II, and bevacizumab as in arm III.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 4-6 weeks, every 3 months for 2 years, and then every 6 months for 3 years.
Borderline Ovarian Mucinous TumorOvarian Mucinous CystadenocarcinomaRecurrent Fallopian Tube CarcinomaRecurrent Ovarian CarcinomaStage IA Fallopian Tube CancerStage IA Ovarian CancerStage IB Fallopian Tube CancerStage IB Ovarian CancerStage IC Fallopian Tube CancerStage IC Ovarian CancerStage IIA Fallopian Tube CancerStage IIA Ovarian CancerStage IIB Fallopian Tube CancerStage IIB Ovarian CancerStage IIC Fallopian Tube CancerStage IIC Ovarian CancerStage IIIA Fallopian Tube CancerStage IIIA Ovarian CancerStage IIIB Fallopian Tube CancerStage IIIB Ovarian CancerStage IIIC Fallopian Tube CancerStage IIIC Ovarian CancerStage IV Fallopian Tube CancerStage IV Ovarian CancerCarcinomaOvarian NeoplasmsCarcinoma, Ovarian EpithelialFallopian Tube NeoplasmsCystadenocarcinomaCystadenocarcinoma, MucinousPaclitaxelAlbumin-Bound PaclitaxelBevacizumabCarboplatinCapecitabineOxaliplatinLaboratory Biomarker AnalysisQuality-of-Life Assessment
You can join if…
Open to females ages 18 years and up
- Patients with a histologic diagnosis of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the ovary or fallopian tube with either optimal (=< 1 cm residual disease) or suboptimal residual disease following initial surgery; patients may have measurable disease as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 or no measurable disease
- All patients must have had appropriate surgery including appendectomy (unless patient has history of prior appendectomy) for ovarian or fallopian tube carcinoma with appropriate tissue available for histologic evaluation to confirm diagnosis and stage
- Patients must have stage II-IV disease (new or recurrent-chemonaïve; no brain metastasis) or recurrent stage I disease (chemonaïve)
- Newly diagnosed patients must begin protocol therapy within 10 weeks of primary debulking; for stage I recurrent patients (chemonaïve), they should begin protocol therapy within 14 days of randomization
- Patients must have a negative colonoscopy within 1 year of enrolling in the study
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcl
- White blood cell (WBC) count >= 3,000/mcl
- Platelets >= 100,000/mcl
- Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 10 g/dl (can be post transfusion)
- Creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 x institutional upper limit normal (ULN) OR creatinine clearance > 50 cc/min
- Bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN
- Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) =< to 2.5 x ULN
- Alkaline phosphatase =< to 2.5 x ULN
- Neuropathy (sensory and motor) =< Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 1
- Urine dipstick for proteinuria < 2+; if urine dipstick is >= 2+, 24 hour urine must demonstrate =< 1 g protein in 24 hours OR patients must have a urine protein-to-creatinine ratio (UPCR) < 1.0 mg/dL
- Prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 x ULN
- Activated prothrombin time (APTT) =< 1.5 x ULN
- Patients of childbearing potential must agree to practice an effective form of birth control during study treatment and for six months after completion of treatment
- Patients who have met the pre-entry requirements
- Patients must have signed an approved informed consent and authorization permitting release of personal health information
- Patients with Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) performance grade of 0, 1 or 2
- Patients with life expectancy > 3 months
You CAN'T join if...
- Patients with known colon cancer or history of colon cancer
- Patients with primary peritoneal carcinoma
- Patients with a history of other invasive malignancies, with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer, are excluded if there is any evidence of other malignancy being present within the last 5 years; patients are also excluded if their previous cancer treatment contraindicates this protocol therapy
- Patients who have received chemotherapy, radiotherapy or any investigational treatment for a gynecologic cancer (does include breast cancer) or colorectal cancer prior to enrollment
- Patients with a major surgical procedure anticipated during the course of the study; this includes but is not limited to: abdominal surgery (laparotomy or laparoscopy) such as colostomy or enterostomy reversal, interval or secondary cytoreductive surgery, or second look surgery; please consult with the study chair prior to patient entry for any questions related to the classification of surgical procedures
- Patients may have minor surgical procedures (i.e., mediport insertion) fine needle aspiration or core biopsies as long as it is performed > 7 days prior to the first date of bevacizumab therapy and there is no evidence of wound disruption or impaired healing
- Patients with surgery (including open biopsy) within 4 weeks prior to anticipated first dose of bevacizumab (allowing for fact that bevacizumab can be omitted from first cycle of chemotherapy)
- Patients with a history of abdominal fistula or perforation within the past 12 months
- Patients with a current, serious, non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture; patients with granulating incisions healing by secondary intention with no evidence of fascial dehiscence or infection are eligible but require weekly wound examinations
- Patients with known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster cell products or other recombinant human or humanized antibodies
- Patients with mixed epithelial ovarian cancer histology
- Patients with tumors of low malignant potential
- History or evidence of upon physical examination of central nervous system (CNS) disease, including history of primary brain tumor or any history of brain metastases, or seizures not controlled with standard medical therapy
- Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as systolic > 150 mm Hg or diastolic > 100 mm Hg; patients with a history of hypertension are permitted
- Myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 12 months of the first date of bevacizumab therapy
- New York Heart Association (NYHA) grade II or greater congestive heart failure or serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication; women who have received prior treatment with anthracycline (including doxorubicin and/or liposomal doxorubicin) and have an ejection fraction < 50% will be excluded from the study
- Grade 1, category 2 or greater, peripheral vascular disease; patient cannot have anything worse than mild, symptomatic claudication with exercise
- History of cerebrovascular accident (CVA, stroke), transient ischemic attack (TIA) or subarachnoid hemorrhage within six months of the first date of bevacizumab therapy
- History of pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis in the past 6 months
- Previous history of malabsorption or other conditions preventing oral treatment
- Patients who are pregnant or nursing
- Patients with acute hepatitis or active infection that requires parenteral antibiotics
- Patients with active bleeding or pathologic conditions that carry a high risk of bleeding such as a known bleeding disorder, coagulopathy or tumor involving the major vessels
- Patients taking warfarin
- UC Irvine Health/Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
- Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center
Los AngelesCalifornia90033United States
- USC / Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center
Los AngelesCalifornia90033United States
- in progress, not accepting new patients
- Start Date
- National Cancer Institute (NCI)
- Phase 3
- Study Type
- Last Updated