This is a prospective natural history study on patients with clinically defined sIBM. Participants will be assessed every 6 months over two years (five visits total). We will include 150 participants, enrolled across 13 sites, with sporadic IBM, diagnosed according to established criteria.
Influence of NT5c1A Antibodies on Disease Progression, Clinical Phenotype and Blood and Muscle Biomarkers in Sporadic Inclusion Body Myositis - A Prospective Evaluation (INSPIRE-IBM Study)
This is a prospective natural history study on patients with clinically defined sIBM. Participants will be assessed every 6 months over two years (five visits total). We will include 150 participants with sporadic IBM, diagnosed according to established criteria. Participants will require an routine serum sample via blood draw to evaluate for NT5c1A antibody status. This testing will be performed at Washington University School of Medicine in the Neuromuscular Laboratory. Investigators will be blinded to antibody status. A subset of participants (40) will undergo a muscle biopsy at the Baseline visit.
Aim 1. To determine for the first time whether NT5c1A antibodies mediate disease progression over a two-year interval in patients with sIBM.
We will perform a prospective, non-interventional, observational study on patients with sIBM with follow up and evaluations every 6 months over a two-year time frame. Primary analyses are: 1) the rates of disease progression and severity as measured by rates of decline in IBM Functional Rating Scale (IBMFRS) score and Timed Get Up and Go (TUG); 2) the presence or absence of serum antibodies to NT5c1A; and 3) the presence and frequency of variant T-cells in the serum and skeletal muscle.
Aim 2. To perform a detailed morphological, histochemical and immunohistochemical analysis of fresh muscle biopsy specimens obtained from a subset of patients with sIBM.
Aim 3. To characterize the distribution of "immunosenescent" lymphocytes in circulating blood from patients with sIBM.
Aim 4. To quantify the decline in the respiratory function of sIBM patients.