for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at Irvine, California
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Sean D Young



Social psychological research has demonstrated that internalized stereotypes affect people's attitudes and behaviors. Music-based interventions that rely on stereotypes might have promise for keeping participants engaged in health interventions, reducing stress, and improving wellbeing.


Group Assignments

Participants will be randomized into one of three groups.

  1. Group 1 (Reggae): Participants in this group will receive the stereotype and listen to the music over the 4 weeks.
  2. Group 2 (Nature): Participants in this group will listen to nature sounds over the 4 weeks.
  3. Music Waitlist Group: Participants in this group will serve as a control and will not receive any intervention until the study is completed. They will complete a baseline survey and a follow-up survey at four weeks. Some recordings will be sent to this group after the study is completed, without tracking their usage.


All groups will complete a baseline and 4-week follow-up survey.

Participants in Group 1 and Group 2 will engage in daily listening 4-week intervention.They will have access to electronic audio recordings, with the order of listening labeled for each day. It is up to them if they want to listen to the daily recordings.


Anxiety, Chronic Pain, Listening to Reggae Music and told the stereotype, Listening to Nature Sounds, Reggae Music, Nature Sounds


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  1. Are 18+
  2. Live in the US
  3. Are an English-proficient adult with a chronic pain diagnosis (no restrictions placed on type)
  4. Have a pain rating of four or greater in average pain on a 0-10 numeric rating scale in the preceding week
  5. Have had pain for at least 3 months and for at least 15 days in the preceding 30 days
  6. Have moderate to severe anxiety based on GAD-7

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Are currently using or have used prescription opioids in the past 3 months to minimize a known treatment confound and increase sample homogeneity
  2. Have a current cancer diagnosis


  • University of California Irvine
    Irvine California 92868 United States

Lead Scientist at UC Irvine

  • Sean D Young
    Professor, Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine. Authored (or co-authored) 164 research publications


not yet accepting patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, Irvine
Study Type
Expecting 90 study participants
Last Updated