Summary

Eligibility
for females ages 18-40 (full criteria)
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
Dates
study started
estimated completion

Description

Summary

This study will investigate how maternal emotional state following a controlled stress exposure in pregnancy influences blood glucose and insulin levels after eating a standardized meal, and whether the effects of emotional state on blood glucose and insulin is different after eating a healthy meal (low GI) compared to a less healthy meal (high GI).

Official Title

Postprandial Response to Emotion-Diet Interactions in Pregnancy

Details

Maternal glucose-insulin homeostasis in pregnancy represents one of the most important physiological processes for maternal and child health outcomes. Although maternal diet is a key regulator of this process, its effects vary widely across individuals. Maternal stress could represent a moderator of considerable importance in this regard, yet little is known about the effects of stress on glycemic control in pregnancy and whether the effects of stress may vary as a function of diet quality. This project will investigate the effects of acute psychosocial stress exposure on the postprandial metabolic response to a meal of varying glycemic index (GI) among women with overweight/obesity in mid-pregnancy.

Keywords

Pregnancy Related Stress, Psychological Glucose Intolerance During Pregnancy Emotional Stress Postprandial Hyperglycemia Insulin Sensitivity/Resistance Insulin Resistance Hyperglycemia Glucose Intolerance Psychosocial stress

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to females ages 18-40

  • English and/or Spanish speaking
  • 18-22 week's gestation
  • Pre-pregnancy BMI 25.0-34.9 kg/m2
  • Singleton, intrauterine pregnancy
  • Non-smoker
  • Non-diabetic and normal result on a random peripheral blood glucose test at the screening visit (<200 mg/dl)

You CAN'T join if...

  • Non-fluency in English or Spanish
  • BMI <25.0 or ≥35.0 kg/m2
  • >22 week's gestation
  • multiple pregnancy
  • current smoker
  • present/prior obstetric conditions (preeclampsia, infections, placental abnormalities, uterine anomalies, congenital malformations, fetal chromosomal abnormalities)
  • presence of any conditions that may dysregulate neuroendocrine, metabolic or cardiovascular function, such as diabetes, hepatic, renal, or autoimmune disorders
  • current psychiatric disorders or undergoing treatment/taking psychiatric medications
  • use of systemic/frequent corticosteroids or thyroid, lipid-lowering or anti-diabetic medications
  • gestational diabetes mellitus or raised glucose result detected on the screening visit
  • unwilling to eat the standard breakfast meal at each laboratory visit

Details

Status
not yet accepting patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, Irvine
ID
NCT04430439
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated