for males ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at Orange, California and other locations
study started
estimated completion



This Phase III, multicenter, randomized, open-label study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of atezolizumab (anti-programmed death-ligand 1 [anti-PD-L1] antibody) in combination with enzalutamide compared with enzalutamide alone in participants with mCRPC after failure of an androgen synthesis inhibitor (e.g., abiraterone) and failure of, ineligibility for, or refusal of a taxane regimen. Participants will be randomized to one of the two treatment arms (atezolizumab in combination with enzalutamide, and enzalutamide alone) in a 1:1 ratio (experimental to control arm) in global randomized phase. Participants will receive treatment until investigator-assessed confirmed radiographic disease progression per Prostate Cancer Working Group 3 (PCWG3) criteria or unacceptable toxicity.

Official Title

A Phase III, Multicenter, Randomized Study of Atezolizumab (Anti-PD-L1 Antibody) in Combination With Enzalutamide Versus Enzalutamide Alone in Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer After Failure of an Androgen Synthesis Inhibitor and Failure of, Ineligibility for, or Refusal of a Taxane Regimen


Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant, Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant Prostatic Neoplasms, Atezolizumab, Enzalutamide, Atezolizumab + Enzalutamide


You can join if…

Open to males ages 18 years and up

  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
  • Life expectancy greater than or equal to (>/=) 3 months
  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  • Known castrate-resistant disease with serum testosterone level less than or equal to (</=) 50 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dL) with prior surgical castration or ongoing androgen deprivation for the duration of the study
  • Progressive disease prior to screening by PSA or imaging per PCWG3 criteria during or following the direct prior line of therapy in the setting of medical or surgical castration
  • One prior regimen/line of a taxane-containing regimen for mCRPC or refusal or ineligibility of a taxane-containing regimen
  • Progression on a prior regimen/line of an androgen synthesis inhibitor for prostate cancer
  • Availability of a representative tumor specimen from a site not previously irradiated that is suitable for determination of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) status via central testing
  • Adequate hematologic and end organ function

You CAN'T join if...

  • Prior treatment with enzalutamide or any other newer hormonal androgen receptor inhibitor (e.g., apalutamide, ODM-201)
  • Treatment with any approved anti-cancer therapy, including chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiopharmaceutical or hormonal therapy (with the exception of abiraterone), within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment
  • Treatment with abiraterone within 2 weeks prior to study treatment
  • Structurally unstable bone lesions suggesting impending fracture
  • Known or suspected brain metastasis or active leptomeningeal disease
  • Major surgical procedure other than for diagnosis within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment or anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure during the course of the study
  • Active or history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency
  • Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplantation
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g., bronchiolitis obliterans), drug-induced pneumonitis, or idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test, active tuberculosis, active hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection
  • Prior treatment with cluster of differentiation (CD)137 agonists or immune checkpoint blockade therapies, including anti Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte-Associated 4 (CTLA4), anti-programmed death 1 (PD-1), and anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibodies
  • Treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents within 4 weeks or five half-lives of the drug, whichever is shorter, prior to initiation of study treatment
  • Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medication within 2 weeks prior to initiation of study
  • History of seizure or any condition that may predispose to seizure within 12 months prior to study treatment, including history of unexplained loss of consciousness or transient ischemic attack


  • UC Irvine Medical Center
    Orange California 92868 United States
  • City of Hope Medical Grp Inc.
    Duarte California 91010 United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Hoffmann-La Roche
Phase 3 research study
Study Type
About 771 people participating
Last Updated